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银行考试—中国银行考试英语笔试题

2020-03-19 16:56:41   中公金融人网   来源: 甘肃省银行招聘信息网 

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知识点1:词汇题

1)词义辨析

Area employers have long struggled with failed drug tests, and are trying to find ______. Some are turning to machines to automate work; others are giving addicted employees second chances.

A. alternatives B. preparations C. compromises D. workarounds

【答案】D。解析:考查名词辨析。句意:长期以来,该地区的雇主一直苦于药检不合格,并试图找到解决方法。一些雇主转向机器来实现工作自动化,另一些雇主则给有毒瘾的员工第二次机会。alternative可供选择的事物,替换物;preparation准备;compromise妥协,让步;workarounds变通方法,应变方法。根据题干第二句提供的两种应对方式可知workarounds符合语境。故答案选D。

2)短语辨析

Under the “Contract for the Web”, governments are called on to take steps to make sure all citizens can ______ the Internet and that individual privacy is respected.

A. connect to B. stick to C. insist on D. concern with

【答案】A。解析:考查动词短语辨析。句意:根据“网络合同”,政府被要求采取措施,以确保所有公民都能上网,个人隐私得到尊重。connect to连接,相连;stick to坚持,遵守;insist on坚持;concern with关心,挂念。connect to Internet与网路连接,即上网,符合句意。故选A。

3)固定搭配

My friend is a talent, he always can find way to _______ the budget.

A. add B. weight C. balance D. clear

【答案】C。解析:考查固定搭配。句意:我的朋友是个天才,他总是能找到平衡预算的方法。balance the budget为固定搭配,意为“平衡预算,平衡收支”,符合句意。故答案选C。add增加,添加;weight加重量于,使变重;balance使平衡;clear清除,使干净。

知识点2:语法题

1)介词(短语)

French butchers have asked the government for protection after threat from militant vegans. What’s ______, say butchers, is not just the right to eat meat — but a way of life.

A. at stake B. in a mess

C. in despair D. out of condition

【答案】A。解析:考查介词短语辨析。句意:在受到激进素食主义者的威胁后,法国屠夫要求政府给予保护。屠夫们说,处于紧要关头的不仅是吃肉的权利,还有(法国人的)生活方式。at stake处于危险中;在紧要关头;in a mess凌乱,一团糟;in despair绝望地;失望地;out of condition健康状况不好。根据前一句中的threat(威胁)可知at stake正确。故答案选A。

2)动词时态语态&主谓一致

Have you ever noticed something most virtual assistants ______ in common? They started out female.

A. have B. having C. had D. has

【答案】A。解析:考查时态和主谓一致。句意:你注意到了大部分的虚拟助理都有一个共同点吗?她们一开始都是女性。分析句子成分可知,most virtual assistants ______ in common是省略了关系代词that的定语从句,修饰前面的先行词something,在定语从句中,主语assistants是名词复数形式,缺少谓语动词,表示一种一般的情况,所以谓语动词要用一般现在时,且用复数形式,故本题答案选A。

3)非谓语动词

The solid GDP growth is small comfort to business owners, ______ with the new tariffs.

A. having grappled B. being grappling

C. grappling D. grappled

【答案】C。解析:考查非谓语动词。句意:对于努力应对新关税的企业主而言,稳健的GDP增长是一个小小的安慰。grapple with the new tariffs作business owners的后置定语,两者是主谓关系,所以可以排除D选项,过去分词表动宾关系,即表示被动与完成。A. having grappled表示非谓语动词和句子的谓语动词有时间先后关系,但题干中并没有这层意思,故排除。B. being grappling非谓语动词中没有being doing这种形式,故排除。故本题答案选C。

4)从句

American wine producers are hoping to increase their sales in China, ______ the county’s growing middle class is drinking wines.

A. where B. which C. while D. when

【答案】A。解析:考查定语从句。句意:在中国,越来越多的中产阶级喝葡萄酒,美国葡萄酒生产商希望增加在中国的销售量。分析句子结构及语义可知,“China”为从句先行词,空格所在句为定语从句,修饰和限定China,且从句句子成分完整,先行词在从句中作地点状语,关系词只能用where。which引导定语从句时需在从句中作一定成分,不符合句意;while引导时间状语从句或让步状语从句,不符合句意;when引导时间状语从句和定语从句,引导定语从句时,关系副词when主要用于修饰表时间的名词,同时它在定语从句中用作时间状语,不符合句意。故答案选A。

5)虚拟语气

We should be happy that there are countries willing to lend us money at a lower price, because if they weren’t, it would mean the interest on the debt we pay ______ way higher.

A. were B. had been

C. would be D. would have been

【答案】C。解析:考查虚拟语气。句意:我们应该感到高兴,有国家愿意以较低的利息借钱给我们,因为如果它们不这样做,就意味着我们支付的债务利息会高很多。此处way作副词讲,意为“大大地;远远地”,way higher高得多。分析句子结构可知because引导的原因状语从句中含有if引导的非真实条件状语从句,即if引导的虚拟语气。根据从句谓语were可知表示的是与现在事实相反,故空格处的谓语动词应是would do sth.,此处即是would be。故答案选C。

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